Food allergy; It occurs because the immune system perceives the normally harmless food as a harmful substance. The body produces antibodies for defense against food, and when the food is eaten again, the immune system releases chemicals. This substance causes an allergic reaction by affecting your child’s respiratory, digestive, skin and cardiovascular systems. Food allergies are common in children , and with the right treatment over time, a great deal of improvement can be seen.
When Are Food Allergies Seen In Children?
The frequency of food allergy is high, especially in the 0-2 age period. Depending on the mother’s diet, an allergic reaction may occur in the baby with breast milk. In this type of case, the diet list is given to the mother by determining which food the baby is allergic to. The effects of allergies disappear with the mother’s diet.
On the other hand, food allergy may increase with supplementary food. At this point, if you are careful and follow the three-day rule in new food trials, it will reduce the risk of allergies.
Food Allergies in Children May Be Genetic
Studies have revealed that the susceptibility to allergies in babies has genetic effects. In other words, if you have an allergic nature, the possibility of allergic reactions in your baby will increase. And also; Allergic reactions may also be seen in cases such as cesarean delivery, preterm birth, low weight birth.
What Are the Effects of Food Allergies in Children?
Food allergies in children can often manifest as blistering, redness, swelling, skin itching, sneezing, nasal congestion, cough and breathing difficulties. Occasional blood in the stool is among the effects of allergies. Most of the time, these symptoms do not go beyond discomfort, meaning they do not cause any serious distress. However, it may cause more serious reactions, although rare. That’s why it’s important to seek expert support without taking it lightly.
The Most Common Foods That Cause Food Allergies in Children
Any food can cause an allergic reaction in children. However, especially soy, shelled and fatty nuts, cow’s milk, eggs, honey, fish and shellfish can cause childhood allergies in these foods:
- Cow’s milk: Due to the proteins it contains, cow’s milk has a high allergic effect. Dairy products made from cow’s milk can also be risky in this respect.
- Eggs: Egg allergy is very common in infancy and childhood. Egg whites in particular have a higher risk of allergies.
- Fish and shellfish: Seafood, which is in the strong allergen group, may cause allergic reactions immediately after eating.
- Cereals: In the cereal group, wheat and corn are the most allergenic foods. It is ideal to give your child more easily digestible grains such as oats and bulgur first.
- Meats: Lamb is less allergenic. In this respect, it is more ideal if you prefer lamb meat first in the transition to additional food.
- Fruits and Vegetables: Strawberry, kiwi, melon, pear, cherry, cherry are among the foods that cause allergies.
- Chocolate: Frequent consumption in children may cause allergies.
- Honey: It is not recommended in children under 1 year of age as it may cause allergies.
- Spices: Spices are not preferred in children’s nutrition due to their allergic aspects. Among the spices, mustard, black pepper and mint are among those with a high risk of allergies.
The 3-day rule in feeding is a practical method that you can apply to see if your baby is allergic to foods with the transition to supplementary food.
What is the 3 Day Rule in Nutrition?
The 3-day rule in feeding is a practical method that you can apply to see if your baby is allergic to foods with the transition to supplementary food. With this rule, you can easily understand the reactions that may occur when your baby is introduced to a new food, the possible side effects and which food the allergy is caused by. In short; When you introduce a food to your baby, do not give a new food for 3 days.
When Are Food Allergies Risky in Children?
As we mentioned earlier, food allergy in children is uncomfortable. However, in rare cases, it can sometimes lead to distressing consequences. In this case, which is described with the term anaphylaxis (allergic shock), allergic symptoms may appear minutes after eating the food that causes allergies and may progress severely. In addition to the simple allergic symptoms; Abdominal pain, tingling and numbness in the mouth, nausea, vomiting, feeling of choking in the throat, swelling of the tongue and difficulty swallowing, fainting may be seen. In this situation that develops suddenly, it is vital that you apply to the health institution without wasting any time. The effects seen with the drug can be eliminated and positive results can be obtained.
How Are Food Allergies Diagnosed in Children?
If you think your child has a food allergy or any allergic reaction, you should go to an allergist and do a test. Testing for food allergy will vary depending on your child’s age.
How is Food Allergy Test Done?
Your child can be diagnosed with allergies with different applications such as blood allergy test or skin allergy test. However, these tests may not always be accurate. Therefore, the two tests may need to be applied together and repeated from time to time. Although these tests can be applied from birth, it is often stated that these tests can give healthier results over the age of 4.
On the other hand; There is another test called the food challenge test. The food that is thought to cause an allergy to your child is removed from the nutrition list for a while, and then the suspect food is loaded and the results are evaluated. It is extremely important that this test is performed by a qualified physician. Otherwise, unwanted results may occur.
Can Food Allergies be Treated in Children?
The most important way to avoid food allergies is to completely remove the foods that cause allergies from your child’s life. Even very little of it can cause allergies. With a proper diet, allergic reactions can be completely eliminated.
On the other hand; There is no drug treatment to prevent allergies. The complaints of the child are reduced with drugs aimed at alleviating the reactions caused by allergies. From the age of 5, vaccines against allergies, applied with the recommendation of a doctor, give successful results in many patients.
Is Food Allergy Passed?
Food allergy; With early diagnosis and correct treatment, it can disappear with age. At this point, it is extremely important to comply with the treatment your doctor recommends, so that your child’s many allergies may pass over time.
What are the responsibilities of the babysitter regarding food allergy?
If your child has a food allergy, it is extremely important that the babysitter you will work with is careful and responsible. It must strictly adhere to the diet you apply to your child, observe allergic symptoms and inform you. It is also an advantage for you to have first aid knowledge in case of sudden situations that may develop. In addition, other features that a good babysitter should have are:
- Smiling, calm, patient,
- Having child development knowledge,
- Paying attention to personal care and hygiene,
- Be a good model for your child,
- Communicating positively,
- People with reliable references may be ideal for you.