Nowadays when you are at home with your child, it is extremely important to support him / her developmentally in every field. It is a very difficult process for your child to change the order he is used to, to interrupt his education at school, to be partially isolated from social life. For this reason, the quality and fun of the time spent at home allows you to adapt in a shorter time as long as the activities you do together support it in terms of mental, social-emotional and motor skills and to continue where you left off more comfortably when the mandatory break is over. In this article, we share with you 10 activities for the mental development of your child during the time you spend at home . With these activities, you can both support the development of your child and have a pleasant time using the objects in the house.
For the mental development of your child, you should prepare activities suitable for his or her age and interests.
What Should You Pay Attention To When Choosing Activities For Your Child’s Mental Development?
While implementing the activities we have prepared for you, you should consider your child’s developmental characteristics. In this way, your activities will be more effective and useful. At this point, you can consider the following characteristics of your child:
- Your child’s age,
- Your child’s development level,
- Choosing activities according to your child’s interests and abilities will make it easier for your child to participate and learn.
1- Find the Missing Number
This game will contribute to your child’s mental development in terms of recognizing numbers, concentrating and understanding the situation that needs attention.
Write the numbers 1 to 10 on a piece of paper and cut them into number cards. (You can write fewer or more numbers according to your child’s age and development.) Then close your child’s eyes and keep one of the number cards. Ask your child to find the missing number by opening his eyes. If it is difficult to find it, you can direct it with hints. Also, if you close your eyes and allow him to hide the number, he will enjoy it more.
2-Number Object Matching
You can produce many votes with the number cards you have prepared. Number-object matching is one of them. Ask your child to list the scattered number cards, starting with 1. Then ask him to add an object you specified as many as each number under that number. For example; You can play this game by giving instructions such as “Place 2 lego under the number 2, place 5 lego under the number 5.”
With art activities, you can support your child’s small muscle skills and mental development.
3- Group Colors
With this game, you can teach your child the main and intermediate colors and do focus exercises. If you have lego or colored balls in your house, you can use these materials as materials.
Instruct your child to put the yellow colored balls in the basket or put the red blocks in this box and the green legos in this box ”. Count how many objects of which color are at the end of the game. Talk about the more-less concept. If your child is 4 years or older, you can chat on it by preparing a visual graphic based on lego numbers.
4-Create the Pattern
Pattern studies are based on the logic of sequencing a certain number or object consecutively according to a certain rule. It is an important mental activity for your child to solve the pattern rule and complete it according to the rule.
You can make your own pattern work with the materials found at home. Starting such activities with three-dimensional materials before pattern work on paper will make it easier for your child to grasp. You can make a simple pattern using pasta and a straw. Thread a piece of pasta on a string, then through the small straw you cut. Ask your child to line up in the same order. You can create 3 to 4 patterns for 5 years and older. Lego, colored papers are ideal materials for creating patterns.
5- Complete Missing Organ
Completing the parts of the whole will support your child’s observation power and thus cognitive development.
In this activity, draw a lot of human faces on a picture paper, leaving one or more organs such as ears, nose, eyes and eyebrows missing in each picture. Ask your child to first say the missing organ, then draw it. You can do this work for ages 3 and over by leaving other objects other than the human face missing.
It is important that your child’s caregiver is equipped and educated to support your child’s development properly.
6-Find the Difference in the Room
You can choose this game to improve your child’s observation and focus skills.
In this game, change a place in the room. For example; move an item. Guide your child to notice the change. If your child is between the ages of 3-5, you can limit the area you will make changes.
7- Complete Picture
You can choose this activity if you want to develop your child’s creativity and original thinking skills, but also want to practice small muscle skills.
Paint, drawing paper and leftover materials will be enough for you for this activity. Paste an object or shape anywhere on the picture paper. For example, paste a triangle picture. Ask him to paint a picture using this shape as well. Let him go about this picture. It is important for language development to explain what he did when he completed it.
8- Let’s Match The Socks
Matching exercises are important for your child’s mental development. Objects; their color, size, shape, purpose of use, etc. Being able to match them according to their characteristics is a mental activity.
You can use the socks for matching work. You can ask each sock to find its partner. You can examine the socks according to their color, size and texture. You can also hang these socks on a rope you have prepared with a clothespin to improve their manual skills.
9- Let’s Plant Plants
One of the enjoyable activities you can do at home is to plant plants such as flowers and seeds. In this way, your child can observe the growing plant every day and learn about the concepts of living and non-living. Give your child the responsibility of caring for the plant you planted. In this way, both the power of observation and the sense of responsibility develop.
10- Complete the Story
You can use pictures of storybooks in this activity that will support your child’s mental development and language development. You can ask him to guess what is happening by looking at the pictures. You can ask him to complete the story by reading a part of the story and saying what might have happened next. With this activity, you will also support your child’s creativity.
Early Childhood is Critical to Your Child’s Mental Development
Mental development is very rapid in early childhood. At this stage, children are curious about everything and constantly try to explore the world by asking why. For this reason, it is important for brain development to prepare learning environments with abundant stimulation for them, not to blind their curiosity by answering their questions. Laying solid foundations for mental development in this period ensures that the perceptions in the next period are clearer.
Preparing a stimulus rich environment; It means presenting versatile materials suitable for your child’s age and interest as well as appealing to all developmental areas.
Create Stimulating Environments for Your Child’s Mental Development
For your child’s mental development, the environment you offer him / her should be supportive of learning. Stimulating environment does not mean too many toys or materials. Preparing a stimulus rich environment; It means presenting versatile materials suitable for your child’s age and interest, as well as appealing to all developmental areas. For this, you have to make your choices about toys and materials with this eye.
Choose Activities for Your Child’s Mental Development According to Their Age and Interest
Your child may not be interested in an activity you are preparing or they may get bored quickly. This may be because the event you have chosen does not suit his level of development or interests. He may quit early because he has difficulties in doing activities that are far above his development. On the contrary, it can get bored quickly in simple activities. For this reason, you should take care that the activity you prepare will attract your child’s interest and is suitable for his developmental level.
Your Caregiver’s Responsibilities for Your Child’s Mental Development
Your caregiver is one of the most important people in your child’s development. It is extremely important to have a positive approach to your child and to cooperate with you in your child’s development. At the same time, it should be among your expectations to create a learning environment for your child, to answer his questions patiently and correctly, and to provide safe play opportunities where he can drain his energy, taking into account his need for movement. Considering all these points, caregivers who are knowledgeable about child development and who love children should be your first choice.